Palestine ki Tarikh – Qadeem Aur Mojuda Dour

History of Palestine

Palestine ki tarikh bahut purani hai. Is jagah per aaj se 5000 saal pahle se log rahate hain. Palestine mein kai tarah ke alag-alag logon ne hukumat ki hai, jin mein Canaanites, Egyptians, Israelites, Romans, Byzantines, Arabs, Crusaders, Ottomans, aur British shamil hain.

Ancient Palestine

Palestine ki sabse purani aabadi Canaanites ki thi. Canaanites 3000 BC ke kareeb yahan aaye the. Unhone es mein kai bade shehar banaye, jinmein Jericho, Jerusalem, aur Hazor shamil hain.

Ancient Israel

1200 BC ke kareeb, Israelites ne Canaanites ko hara diya aur Palestine mein apne hukumat ki shuruaat ki. Israelites ne Jerusalem ko apne capital banaaya. Israelites ki sarkar bahut hi powerful thi, aur unhone es per 600 saal tak raj kiya.

Ancient Rome

63 BC mein, Romans ne Palestine ko conquer kar liya. Romans ne es mein apni hukumat ki shuruaat ki, aur unhone Jerusalem ko apne colony mein badal diya.

Byzantine Empire

395 AD mein, Roman Empire do hisson mein divide ho gaya. Palestine Byzantine Empire ke hisse mein aa gaya. Byzantines ne es mein 400 saal tak raj kiya.

Persian Hukoomat aur Yahoodi Qaum ki Wapsi

Persian Saltanat ne 538 BCE mein Babilonion ko shikast di aur Yahoodion ko wahan wapas jane ki ejazat di. Is ne es mein Yahoodi basne ki ibtada ki aur Doosra Temple tameer karne ka aghaz kiya.

Yunani aur Roomani Daur

332 BCE mein, Alexander the Great ke fauji qadmoon ke zor par Yunani asar dikhane laga, jo ke Roman Saltanat ke teht yari karti rahi. Is dour mein Palestine mein mukhtalif saltanaton aur hakimon ne hukoomat ki.

Arab Conquest

636 AD mein, Arabs ne esko conquer kar liya. Arabs ne es mein Islam ki shuruaat ki. Arabs ne Palestine mein 1000 saal tak hukumat ki.

Crusader Conquest

1099 AD mein, Crusaders ne Palestine ko conquer kar liya. Crusaders ne es mein Christianity ki shuruaat ki. Crusaders ne es mein 200 saal tak raj kiya.

Ottoman Empire

1517 AD mein, Ottomans ne Palestine ko conquer kar liya. Ottomans ne es mein 400 saal tak hukumat ki.

British Mandate

1917 mein, British ne Palestine per control liya. British ne es mein 30 saal tak raj kiya.

Israel ki Establishment

1948 mein, United Nations ne Palestine ko do hisson mein divide karne ka faisla kiya. ek hissa Arab countries ke liye tha, aur dusra hissa Jewish countries ke liye tha. Lekin, Arab countries ne Israel ki establishment ka inkar kar diya. Isliye, 1948 mein Arab-Israeli War shuru ho gaya. Is war mein, Israel ne Arab countries ko shikast di aur eske aksar hisse per control kar liya.

Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO)

1964 mein, Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) ki establishment ki gai. PLO eski azadi ke liye lad raha hai.

Intifadas

1987 aur 2000 mein, Palestine mein intifadas hue. Intifadas es mein Israel ke khilaf protest aur violence ke liye use kiye jaate hain.

Palestine in Present day

Aaj, Palestine ki situation bahut hi nazuk hai. Israel ne Esko control kiya hua hai, aur Eski aabadi Israeli occupation ke khilaf lad rahi hai. Palestine ki aabadi ko kai problems ka samna karna padta hai, jinmein poverty, unemployment, aur violence shamil hain.

Quran mein Palestine ka Zikr

Quran mein esko “Al-Quds” aur “Bayt al-Maqdis” ke naam se zikra kiya gaya hai. Ye hum muslims ke liye tesra bara muqadas muqam hai.

Palestine ki azadi ke liye dua

Hum Allah pak se dua karte hain ki wo Palestine ki aabadi ko is mushkil situation se bachaye aur es mein peace aur stability laaye.

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